Cows are spiritually, scientifically, economically and in many aspects highly beneficial. We are conducting this highly beneficiary and essential activity with best cows of Gir breed. In our Gaushala we carry out, a) Cow Breeding. : We take extreme care to breed more and more cows. Cow population in India has gone down considerably. It is necessary to have more cows for various benefits discussed in the detailed article about cow.b) Developing high breed bulls and donating to GramPanchayats of surrounding village free of cost.c) Donating cows free of cost to appropriate social institutes.d) Launching cattle camps in famine years.To provide shelter food and water to cows whom the owners can not take care because of famine. After famine is over cows can be returned to owners. This way cows are protected from certain death. Various camps are opened in different villages during the famine years to take care of cows at the cost of Ashram.e) Arranging diagnostic and treatment camps free of cost for animals.This way cows are given medical treatment. Poor villagers can not afford medical treatment. So to protect cows from death and agony these camps are opened. We have doctors and medical centre for animals in the Ashram. There also treatments are given free of cost.f) Provision for necessary management to dependent cows thereby making the cows more productive.Old cows or handicapped cows are allowed to die by villagers since they can not afford them. So Ashram takes care of such cows and provides food, shelter and medical treatments. Thus old and ill cows are protected from going to slaughter house.

The Holy Cow:- The sacred Ness of the cow is a central and crucial element in Hindu belief. The cow is supposed to be the living symbol of Mother Earth. For the early migrants the cow was an indispensable member of the family. As agriculture was the occupation of the migrants, the cow provided them with milk and its byproducts and also necessities of life such as fuel, manure for the farm, etc. During this time the Aryans prayed to their numerous gods through ‘yagna’ (from ‘yaj’, to worship). This was initially a simple way of private worship but became public in character and consisted of invoking the fire-god, ‘Agni’, by ritually kindling sacred wood on an altar, and keeping the fire alive by constantly feeding it with melted butter. It was through the instrumentality of ‘Agni’ (fire) that the offering of milk-pudding and a drink of milk, curds and honey (madhupeya) was conveyed to one’s chosen gods. Thus the cow supplied the major requirements of the yagna and this association soon made it sacred.

Cow-Related Practices:- The five products (pancagavya) of the cow — milk, curds, ghee butter, urine and dung — are all used in puja (worship) as well as in rites of extreme penance. The milk of the family cow nourishes children as they grow up, and cow dung (gobar) is a major source of energy for households throughout India. Cow dung is sometimes among the materials used for a tilak - a ritual mark on the forehead. Most Indians do not share the western revulsion at cow excrement, but instead consider it an earthy and useful natural product.

History of the "Sacred" Cow:- But if you cannot afford to give a cow in charity, you can certainly feed one. At an individual level, people routinely feed the cows--especially the wandering ones in the streets. But what is unique to india are several institutions that look after the cow, chief among them is the Gaushala or “House of the Cow." Conceptually different from the dairy, the gaushalas, the gau sadaus, the the pinjara pols etc, maintain even the non-milking, old and sick cows along with those that are physically handicapped and need human care and attention for survival.

The eighth incarnation of Vishnu, Lord Krishna was a cowherd since his birth. This also helped in consolidating the importance and the religious glorification of the cow among the Vaisnavites (followers of Krishna). Some other factors which resulted in its sanctity were; its figurative usage in Vedic literature which later was taken literally; prohibitions against killing of cow.

Besides the religious factors, cow is a very useful animal, having special qualities in his milk, urine, and dung. Cow milk is considered to be easily digestible and good for mental health. Its urine is used in many medicines curing cold, cough, headache gastric-troubles, jaundice, prostrate, leucorrhoea, tuberculosis and even cancer.

Many villagers in india use cow dung regularly for cleansing the body at the time of bath. Very special bathing-soaps are also made with cow-dung, which are 100 percent result oriented.

While visiting villages, one can see many houses painted with cow-dung, which acts as repellant for mosquitoes and other insects, it is also very useful as powerful fertilizer for agriculture. In most of the Indian villages Kanda (dry dung-cakes) and Gobar Gas (gas produced, using cow dung) are used for fuel purpose. The other qualities of Indian cow dung are that it is highly anti-radioactive and protect from lightening surge. It is also very useful in removing snake poison, and all types of skin diseases completely.

What else is needed to worship this holy animal, which is so deeply related with the Hindu faith and serving the society selflessly?

Dharma is considered to have four pillars, like how a cow has four legs. Although many animals have four legs, it is a cow’s four legs that the four pillars of dharma are compared with. What is the reason? From the ancient age in India, people have been drinking cow’s milk, rather than the milk of other animals. Scientifically, it has been proven that cow’s milk can provide us with the greatest amount of health. For example, buffalo milk has a lot of fat and calories. Now, we consider the cow as mother who suckles milk, whether or not she has given birth to that which has her milk. This places the cow in the equivalent position of a mother, as it has been nourishing us with its milk from ancient times in India.

If we read the Upanishads or various Puranas (Hindu mythological texts), then we will find that mother earth has been represented as cow or Gau mata/mother cow. When the earth was polluted by the demons in the ancient time, and it became intolerable for the humans to continue their existence, mother earth represented herself as cow and went to the supreme lord and sought help, to save her and her sons and daughters. So, this is another reason for considering cows as sacred.

The sanctity of the cow is perhaps the foremost sentiment of Hindus for whom this sacred animal has far deeper nuances in Indian culture and ethos than is generally understood. For instance, in Sanskrit, the vocabulary used to mention the cow is indeed staggering, revealing the extraordinary importance that was once attached to it.

Indian scriptures tell us that the cow is a gift of the gods to the human race. It is a celestial being born of the churning of the cosmic ocean. Guias the cow is called in Hindi, is symbolic of Earth itself (similar to Gaia, the Greek goddess of earth). It follows that the cow represents the Divine Mother that sustains all human beings and brings them up as her very own offspring. Much as a mother shows the highest mark of affection for her young, the passion of the cow for her calf is just as legendary and often referred to in Indian literature. The ancient texts describe how the gods run to the succour of a devotee like a cow hastening to feed her calf. In fact, the cow is even more than a mother in the sense that it fulfills all the needs of her children as well. It is in this conception that the cow is understood as Kamdhenu, the wish filling mythical cow, abode of the 330 million Indian gods and goddesses.

But in Indian mythology and legend, it is with the cult of Krishna that the cow is closely connected. Among other deeds, Krishna is said to have lifted mount Govardhan to protect his group of cows, cowboys and milkmaids. In popular imagination it is Lord Krishna who symbolized the relationship man should have for the cow. Hence to take care of this innocent and self-sacrificing animal is a matter of virtue for Hindus who identify the act as dharma or moral duty.

Considerations of conscience aside, it was natural that in a predominantly agricultural and pastoral country like India, cows were and to some extent still are, considered to be the real wealth of the people. After all it is the cow that gives birth to the bulls, bulls that are harnessed to plough the fields and to provide transportation. And then of course, there is the mild--milk that is cultured to become yoghurt--yoghurt which is churned to produce butter--butter which is converted into ghee or clarified butter that in India is used as cooking medium. In addition to this, there is paneer or cottage cheese and buttermilk. Indians cannot forget khoya and mana-- the other milk derivatives used in preparation of sweets. No wonder the cow is considered the backbone of rural society.

Cot of praise are reserved for cow's milk and ghee which is considered to be an elixir. Dr. D. Bhandari, the former Director of Animal Husbandry in Rajasthan said, "You see it is the wonderful bacterial flora of the cow's stomach that imparts this matchless quality to its milk ideally balanced for humans. Buffalo milk may be richer but it is the cow's milk that sharpens intellect, gives swiftness of body, stability of emotions and a serene nature to the one who drinks it."

Also taken, but in measured quantities, is cow urine or gau mutra which has a unique place in Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine. Commenting on the chemistry of gau mutra, Dr. C.H.S. Sastry, Director of the National Institute of Ayurveda said, "Cow urine is used to produce a whole range of ayurvedic drugs, especially to treat skin diseases like eczema." Besides, gau mutra is a well known disinfectant. Anti-septic property is also the attribute of cow dung or gobar which is mixed with clay to form a plastering medium for mud huts. It is a proven fact that mud huts plastered with gobar keeps insects and reptiles away. This is the reason why people in the countryside still store grain in huge earthen pots plastered with gobar and gau mutra to keep it free from insect manifestations.

Gobar and gau mutra is also mixed with mud and straw to make dried cakes that fuel kitchen fires. Traditional wisdom says that in burning these cow dung cakes, the temperature never rises beyond a certain point, ensuring the nutrients in the food are not destroyed by overheating. Besides, the smoke of gobar clears the air of germs. Gobar has also been successfully used to produce bio-gas and generate electricity for consumer use. Scientific studies show that gobar has been found to be resistant to solar radiation. And of course, gobar mixed with gau mutra makes for excellent manure and a natural pesticide. Modern day ecologists are saying that as compared to chemical fertilizer which damages the land in the long run, gobar actually improves the health of the soil. It isn't hard to see why Indian mythology says that Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, resides in cow's gobar.

But the romance of the cow is at dusk or what Indians call the hour of Gaudhuli -- literally "cow dust." There is a mystique in the tinkling of cow bells as herds return from the days for aging, kicking up a cloud of dust just when the sun is going down. This is a special time, considered auspicious especially for marriages. So intimate is the cow's association with the lives of Hindus that in all the rites of passage of life, almost from conception to cremation, the cow is connected to ceremony and ritual.

Perhaps the most significant tribute to the cow is paid during havan or the formal fire ritual conducted by a priest. No havan is said to be complete without the presence of panchgavya or the five gifts of the cow, namely milk, yoghurt, ghee, gohar, and gau mutra. In the Hindu world view, to give cow clarity or gau daan is considered the highest act of piety.

"SARVE DEVAAH STHITA DEHE SARVA DEVAMAYEEHI GAOU"

The above shloka means that all the deities dwell in the body of a cow. Therefore the cow itself is as holier, as the deities.

The cow symbolizes the dharma itself. It is said to have stood steadily upon the earth with its four feet during the Satyug (world's first age of truth), upon three feet during the Tretayug (the second stage of less than perfection), upon two feet during the Dwaparyug (the third stage of dwindling and disappearing perfection) and only on one leg during Kaliyug (the fourth and current age of decadence).

The name for cow in the Vedas is known asaghyna which means inviolable. Another name is "ahi" which means not to be killed and another is "aditi" which means never to be cut into pieces.

KAMADHENU MATA

In Hindu mythology, Kamadhenu (Sanskrit: कामधेनु, pronounced [kaməðenu]) was a divine cow who was believed to be the mother of all cows. Like her daughter Nandini, she could grant any wish for the true seeker. Kamadhenu provided Vasishta with his needs for the sacrifices. Kamadhenu (kama-dhenu, 'wish-cow'), was a miraculous cow of plenty who could give her owner whatever he desired.

The cow stands for prosperity—as does Lakṣmī (see Lakṣmī), the wife of Viṣṇu (see Viṣṇu). Kāmadhenu is especially associated with brahmans (see Brahmans) and their “wealth,” because she is the producer of the milk and the clarified butter, the offerings traditionally placed on the sacrificial fire.

Kamadhenu, the sacred cow which grants all wishes and desires, is an integral part of Hindu mythology. This divine cow, which lives in swargalok (heaven), emerged from the ocean of milk (ksheerasagar) at the time of samudramanthan (the great churning of the ocean by the gods (suras) and gemons (asuras). It was presented to the seven sages by the Gods, and in course of time came into the possession of Sage Vasishta.

Kamadhenu's complexion is like the white clouds. Every part of cow's body has a religious significance. Its four legs symbolize the four Vedas, and its teats the four Purusharthas. Its horns symbolize the gods, its face symbolize the sun and the moon, its shoulders Agni (the god of fire), and its legs the Himalayas. Kamadhenu is also well-known through its other five forms: Nanda, Sunanda, Surabhi, Susheela and Sumana.

Lord Krishna states in Srimad Bhagavad-Gita: chapter 10, verse 28
"dhenunam asmi kamadhuk dhenunam"
"Among cows I am the wish fulfilling cow."

"One who gives in charity a bull becomes famous even in Swarga."- The Mahabharata

"One who donates a cow (or bull) becomes free from sin and achieves liberation for himself and 14 generations of his family members". - The Mahabharata

“The cows are the mothers of all living beings and the givers of all earthly pleasures.” - Atharva Veda

In this verse Lord Krishna reveals that among cows He is manifested as the kamadhuk meaning kamadhenu the original wish fulfilling cows known as the surabhi cows - Anusasana Parva of the Mahabharata by Krishna Dvaipayana Vyasa.

The surabhi cow descended from the spiritual worlds. The direct descendants of the surabhi cows are the sacred cows from the continent India which are uniquely distinguished the same as the surabhi by the beautiful hump on their backs and the wonderfully soft folds of skin under their necks.

Cows are the mothers of all creatures. Cows are verily the mothers of the 33 crores of demigods that administrate creation in the material existence throughout all the universes. Cows represent sacred acts themselves and without cows there can be no performance of any sacred act.

One should never show disrespect for cows in any way nor should one feel any repugnance towards the urine and dung of a cow because these things are also pure. Cows are also fragrant. The wonderful scent of the amytis agallochum emantes from out of their sacred bodies.

To teach by example, Sri Krishna and Lord Balram show us when They descend into this world, how important is to protect, love and serve Cows and Bulls. Krishna is known as Gopala (protector of the Cows) or Govinda (one who gives pleasure to the Cows). Lord Balram represents plowing the land for agriculture and therefore always carries a plow in His hand, whereas Krishna tends Cows and therefore carries a flute in His hand. Thus the two brothers represent krisi-raksha (protecting Bulls by engaging them in farming) and go-raksha (protecting the Cows). 10.5.20

Lord Krishna says in Srimad Bhagavatam, "I can be worshiped within the Cows by offerings of grass and other suitable grains and paraphernalia for the pleasure and health of the Cows, and one may worship Me within the Vaishnavas by offering loving friendship to them and honoring them in all respects."

IMPORTANCE OF COW-URINE & COW-DUNG :

COW URINE which has a unique place in Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine. Commenting on the chemistry of gau mutra, Cow urine is used to produce a whole range of ayurvedic drugs, especially to treat skin diseases like eczema. Besides, gau mutra is a well known disinfectant. Anti-septic property is also the attribute of cow dung or gobar which is mixed with clay to form a plastering medium for mud huts. It is a proven fact that mud huts plastered with gobar keeps insects and reptiles away. This is the reason why people in the countryside still store grain in huge earthen pots plastered with gobar and gau mutra to keep it free from insect manifestations.

In Mahabharat era Nakul was known as the famous cow urine therapist. Indians believe that cow urine enhances holiness and purity when spread in courtyard and home. Makes there is need to refocus, in a creative enterprise, on cow as a source of health, wealth and happiness. Cow urine has wonderful properties. It is used in purification of many strong poisons, sub poisons, metals, and sub metals, ras, maharas, and astrologist stones. Poisonous materials become poison less within 3 to 7 days if purified with it according to the Indian method.

Many useful elements have been found in Cow Urine. Some of them are as below :

Urea -Urea is a major element found in urine and is the end product of protein metabolism. It is strong antibacterial agent.

Uric acid -Uric acid is similar to Urea and has strong antibacterial properties. In addition it helps to control cancer-causing substances.

Minerals- Minerals from urine can be very easily reabsorbed as compared to those derived from food. Urine probably contains more different types of minerals than those derived from food. Urine becomes turbid if left alone for a while This is because when enzyme present in urine dissolve urea and change it into ammonia then urine becomes strongly alkaline making it difficult to dissolve rich minerals. Therefore stale urine looks turbid This does not mean that it has decayed Urine with a higher ammonical disorder content when applied to the skin plays an important role in beautifying it.

Bioactive substance and hormones

Urokinase : Dissolves blood clots, helps in curing heart diseases and improves blood circulation.

Epithelium growth factor : Helps, repair and regenerate damaged tissues and cells.

Colony stimulating factor : It is effective for cell division and multiplication.

Growth hormone : Shows different bioactive effects such as promotion of protein production, cartilage growth, fat decomposition.

Erythropoietin : Promotes production of red blood cells.

Gonadotropins : Promotes normalization of menstrual cycle and sperm production Kallikrin: -Releases kallidin that expands peripheral veins and reduce blood pressure.

Tripsyn inhibitor : Effective for prevention and healing of muscular tumor.

Allantoine : Heals wounds and tumors.

Anti-cancer substance : Anti-neoplaston, H-11 beta-iodole-acetic acid, directine, 3-methyl gloxal, etc. differ from chemotherapeutic drugs, which kill or injure all kinds of cells. They strongly prevent the multiplication of carcinogenic cells and return them to normal.

Nitrogen - It is diuretic & stimulates kidney naturally.

Sulphur -It increases intestinal peristalsis and purifies blood.

Ammonia -It maintains integrity of body tissues and blood.

Copper -It checks excessive deposition of fat.

Iron -It maintains RBC counts in blood and stabilizes stamina.

Phosphate -It has litlhotriptic action.

Sodium -It purifies the blood and checks hyperacidity.

Potassium -It is appetizer and criminates muscle fatigue.

Manganese -It is antibacterial and prevents gas gangrene.

Carbolic Acid -It is antibacterial and prevents gas gangrene.

Calcium -It purifies blood & provide nutrition to bones; helps in coagulation of blood.

Salts -Antibacterial, Prevents Comma, and kctoacidois.

Vitamin A, B, C, D, E -They prevent excessive thirst, infuses vigour, and increase potency.

Lactose Sugar -Gives strength to heart, checks excessive thirst and giddiness.

Enzymes -Improve immunity, and promote the secretion of digestive juices.

Water -Controls the body temperature maintains the fluidity of blood.

Hippuric Acid -Excrete toxins through the urine.

Creatinine -It is antibacterial.

Swama Kshar -Antibacterial, improves immunity, and acts as an antidote.

Some hormones presents in 8-month pregnant cow which are very good for health.

COW-DUNG

In Chapter 1 of the Skanda Purana, Shri Vishnu explains to Narada as to how to perform the Satyanarayana Puja - "The place of worship must be anointed with COW DUNG first & then decorated with Rangoli (colorful designs made with rice flour) of five colors, and a new cloth must be spread, there after only the Puja can be done."
Other uses are :

1. Fuel - cow dung patties (gootte) for cooking.
2. Fertilizer - composting makes it even more powerful.
3. Heat source - cow dung is naturally hot -compost makes hotter put in glass house to heat glass house or run pipes thru it to get hot water.
4. Purifier - natural antiseptic qualities.
5. Floor coating - used mixed with mud and water on floors in mud houses. Improves water absorption of mud. Prevents muddy puddles resulting from spilt water.
6. Mud brick additive - improves resistance to disintegration.
7. Skin tonic - mixed with crushed neem leaves smeared on skin - good for boils and heat rash.
8. Smoke producer - smoldering cow patties keep away mosquitoes. Can also make smoked paneer over such smoke & Ash - from patties used in cooking.
9. Pot cleaner - used dry absorbs oil and fat wet as a general cleaner.
10. Brass polisher - tamarind removes oxidation - wet ashes polishes.
11. Fertilizer - alkaline - cow dung ash is basically lime with a few other mineral mixed in.
12. Mud additive - dries up slippery mud puddles.
13. Mud brick additive - mud and lime (cow dung ashes) becomes like cement.
14. Pond PH balancer - thrown into pond neutralizes acid.
15. Tooth polish
16. Seed protector - covering seeds in dung before planting helps to protect against pests.

In Sri Caitanya Caritamrita adi lila, chapter 17 verse 166 Caitanya Mahaprabhu confirms:

"go-ange yata loma tata sahasra vatsara
go-vadhi raurava-madhye pace nirantar."

Cow killers and cow eaters are condemned to rot in hell for as many thousands of years as there are for each hair on the body of every cow they eat from. Cows are superior to all yogis and ascetics and because of this liberated divine being perform their austerities in the company and presence of cows.

When the surabhi cows first manifested from the aroma of ambrosial nectar they performed severe penance for 100,000 years for the purpose of acquiring the spiritual merit to be the foremost of all things needed for the performance of Vedic rituals and ceremonies; thus only from cow milk exclusively is sanctified ghee produced for the performance of Vedic rituals. Whatever is produced from any and all other types of milk is not authorised by Vedic scriptures and thus not being sanctioned by the Vedas can never be used in any Vedic rituals or ceremonies.

At the conclusion of the surabhi cows austerities Brahma himself appeared before them and granted their wishes blessing them with the benediction that cows would eternally be the sustainers of all creatures.

GAU-MATA

The various parts of the body of the cow in which the deities, the revered sages, the various elements, are believed to dwell are given as follows:

1) Two Horns of the Cow The Creator 'Brahma'
2) The Head of the Cow The Deity 'Indra'
3) Forehead of the Cow The Deity 'Agni'
4) Collar of the Cow The Deity 'Yama'
5) Brain of the Cow The Deity 'Moon'
6) Upper Jaw of the Cow The Highest world Dyuloka
7) Lower Jaw of the Cow The Earth
8) The Tongue The Lightening
9) The Teeth The Deity 'Marut'
10) The Throat The 'Revatee' Constellation
11) The Shoulder The 'Kritka' Constellation
12) Bones of the Shoulder The Summer Season
13) All the Organs of the Cow The Deity 'Vaayu'
14) The Heaven The World to which cow, belongs
15) The Back Bone The Deity 'Rudra'
16) In the Chest The Eagle
17) Is the Power & Strength Of the Cow The Space
18) Hunch of the Cow The Sage Vrihashpati
19) In the bones of the Chest The Stanza by the name of Vrihatee
20) The Back Angels & Fairies
21) Bones of the Ribs The Hostesses of the Angels & Fairies.
22) The Shoulders The Deity 'Varuna' and Friend
23) The Forelegs The Sage 'Tvashta & the sage 'Aryama'
24) The Hindlegs The Destroyer 'Lord Mahadeva'
25) The Backside of the Cow The wife of the Deity 'Indra'
26) The Tail The Deity 'Vaayu'
27) The Hairs of the Body The Sage 'Pawamana'
28) The Buttock The Caste 'Brahmin' & The caste 'Kshatriya'
29) Lies in the Thighs The Strength of the Cow.
30) Bones of the Knees The Deity Sun and the Creator
31) The Calf of the Cow The Celestial Beings 'Gandharva'
32) In the Smaller Bones The Celestial Beings 'Apsara'
33) Hooves of the Cow The Mother of the Sun, God, 'Aditi'
34) In the Heart The Mind
35) In the Liver of the Cow The Intelligence
36) The Nerve By the Name Of 'Puritat' The Religious Vow 'Vrata'
37) The Belly The Hunger
38) In the Intestines Goddess Sarswati
39) In the internal part of the intestines The Mountains
40) In the Ovum The sorrow (Manyu)
41) In the sense Organs The Subjects & the People (Praja)
42) In the Ovary The River
43) In the Breasts The Deity 'Varuna'
44) In the cells of the Breasts which produce milk The Thundering clouds
45) In the Skin The 'All-Pervasive power'
46) In the hairs of the Body, Of the cow The Various Medicines
47) The Anus The heavenly & Celestial Beings 'Devagana'
48) In the Intestine The Man
49) In the Stomach The Celestial being 'Yaksha'
50) In the Kidney The Anger
51) In the Blood The Demon 'Rakshasha'
52) The Appearance of The Cow The Constellation are
53) In the Stomach The Other living beings
54) Is the Grossness The sky
55) In the Bone-Marrow The Death
56) Is Like Fire The Posture while sitting
57) Is the Deity 'Ashwinee Kumar' The posture while getting up
58) The Deity 'Indra' The Posture while standing and facing East
59) The Lord of Death 'Yamaraja' The Posture while standing and facing South
60) The Creator 'Brahma' The Posture while standing and facing west
61) The Sun God The Posture while standing & facing North
62) The Deity Moon The Cow while Grazing
63) The Friend The Cow while looking
64) Pure Joy The Posture of the Cow while turning it back.